Glaucoma Care From Texas Eye Consultants
Glaucoma is one of the world's leading causes of blindness, including up to 12 percent of blindness cases in the U.S. As many as 3 million people in this country have glaucoma -- but only half of them know it. This is an alarming situation because glaucoma can destroy your vision "silently" for many years before you finally notice a problem. The good news is that glaucoma, while not reversible, is treatable. Here at Texas Eye Consultants, we can detect early signs of glaucoma and administer prompt treatment to keep the condition from ruining your eyesight.
How Glaucoma Destroys Vision
One of the odd things about glaucoma is that it isn't really a single, clear-cut disease; rather, it may stem from congenital and inherited factors, health problems such as hypertension, or even no known reason. Most of the time, however, it's directly related to the pressure level of your eyes. The eye continuously produces a fluid called the aqueous humor, with an excess fluid being removed through a drainage mesh near the iris. When something prevents that drainage from working normally, the pressure inside the eye rises until the delicate nerve tissue in the optic nerve suffers permanent damage. Untreated, this damage can lead to loss of peripheral vision, and eventually, total vision loss.
Glaucoma usually advances at such a slow pace that you may think your eyes are healthy even while the optic nerve fibers are being destroyed. This type of glaucoma, in which the drainage system is functional but sluggish, is called open-angle glaucoma. If the drainage angle of the eye becomes completely closed off, however, the drainage may stop altogether. This dangerous situation, called angle-closure glaucoma, produces sudden, acute vision loss accompanied by other alarming symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
Diagnosis and Treatment From Our Optometrist in Texas City
The most important preventative service in the fight against glaucoma is an annual comprehensive eye exam. In addition to checking for a variety of other eye diseases, this exam gives our optometrist in Texas City a chance to look for glaucoma warning signs that might otherwise go undetected, such as subtle loss of peripheral vision or visible damage to the optic nerve. Tonometry, or pressure testing, is also highly useful for evaluating your glaucoma risk.
If you do have glaucoma, our eye doctor can provide the appropriate treatment service to help you control it. Medicated eye drops are the most common form of glaucoma care. These eye drops contain drugs that either reduce the amount of fluid produced by the or help the drainage mesh eliminate that fluid more efficiently. (We may even prescribe both kinds of medication simultaneously.) Oral drugs can enhance the effect of the eye drops. If you need even more help, our eye doctor can refer you for laser treatments to provide your eyes with better drainage.
Protect Your Eyesight in Texas City, Galveston or League City
Ready to protect your Texas City, Galveston or League City eyes from the ravages of glaucoma? Call (409) 945-5511 to schedule the necessary exam and/or treatment from our eye doctor!